Friday, 21 June 2019

Who Is A Candidate For Lap Band Surgery

It seems that more and more of us are traveling long distances by air. An unfortunate truth is that for many, the mere stress of travel detracts from the enjoyment of the destination.This does not have to be. Many daily living aids are designed to help with travel too. Here are just a few mentioned below.

Many have arrived at destinations with a sore neck because they fell asleep with their head unsupported. Some develop plugged ears that sometimes take days to go away. And worst of all some people are air sick in flight and suffer the whole way there and then take a while to recover. Not a good start to any trip!

For most people there are solutions to avoid these interruptions to their enjoyment of travel. And often these answers are simple and inexpensive. Many daily living aids are designed to help with travel too.

For the person who dozes on the plane, they can travel with a small, lightweight, travel cervical support pillow. These pillows wrap around your neck and help to support it properly when you doze. They are quite comfortable and easy to use. Look for memory foam for extra comfortable non-inflatable cervical pillows. They are available in inflatable models that make carrying them convenient. Check out HedBeds for an inflatable model.

The person who's ears plug up can avoid this discomfort with an air travel ear plug. The ear pain many travelers experience during take-offs and landings is caused by rapid changes of air pressure on the eardrum. There are ear plugs designed specifically to slow the rate of air pressure changes. One brand is called EarPlanes (rather appropriate- don't you agree?). These are my favorites as they are reusable once cleaned with alcohol.

People who get air sick can take ginger root in capsule form, a proven anti-nausea remedy. Or consider acupressure wrist bands. It is known that traditional Chinese medicine has used acupuncture and acupressure for centuries to relieve nausea. Chinese fisherman have used acupressure on the "P6" acupressure point of their wrists to get relief from motion sickness for over 1000 years. Wrist bands made specifically for this purpose are available. One brand is called BioBands. They even come in children's size. A lap band, or laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, is a devise surgically implanted in the body that helps reduce food consumption. It is commonly prescribed by a doctor to reduce and slow food intake in persons who are determined to be substantially overweight, obese or morbidly obese. The Lap-Band device is adjustable and able to be modified to fit certain personal requirements and weight-loss progression. Not everyone qualifies for the Lap-Band surgical implant and it is important to understand what criteria must be met to undergo this surgical process.

Lap Band Definition and Procedure

The Lap-Band® device is made of inflatable silicone, looking much like a belt or strap. It is positioned around the top part of the stomach and adjusted to confine the passage of food into the lower stomach area. The band is biologically safe to the body, limiting infection and immune-system rejection. It has an adjustable feature which uses an injected saline solution under the skin, through a small-access port. A special coring needle is used to negate damage to the membrane port and halt leakage. The port itself has many designs and location options which is usually determined by the surgeon. Most bands hold 4 to 12 cc (cubic centimeters) of saline. The band is inflated with saline and this causes pressure around the top part of the stomach, forming a small pouch. The banded area between the upper stomach pouch and the lower stomach is restrictively narrow, which slows down the intake of food. The insertion of the Lap-Band requires only a 1/2-inch incision in proximity to the naval. The surgeon uses a laparoscopic camera to obtain a view of the stomach and cavity. With a few additional small incisions, the surgeon places the device through a tunnel and clamps it in place with long surgical tools.

Safety Concerns

A Lap-Band procedure is a proven safe and effective way for patients to lose weight. It is one of the least intrusive of the bariatric surgery procedures, requiring only small incisions that heal quickly and pose no great post-operative conditions. It is considered a final option to patients who are obese and have unsuccessfully tried to lose weight via continuous treatments and procedures. After insertion, the device produces no discomfort to the patient and is virtually maintenance free aside from a period of band adjustments and removal.

Recuperation after surgery can take anywhere from 1 to 3 weeks, depending upon the physical activity of the patient's lifestyle. Mortality rates for Lap-Band surgery is 1 in 1000 as opposed to the Roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery which accounts for 1 in 250 deaths. There is no stapling or cutting of the stomach and the device is adjustable without added surgery.

Best Candidates

Doctors determine the amount a patient is overweight by using the BMI (body mass index) rating, determined by a person's weight and height. The numbers range in order from 30 to 35 to 40, with excessive overweight being 30, followed by obese (35) and then morbidly obese (40) or above. The BMI numbers 30 to 40 are conditional upon the existence of diseases and conditions that will improve as result of the procedure. A standard low-end approximation to qualify is 100 pounds overweight. The doctor will use a full physical examination to determine if the procedure will not benefit the patient or if it will actually improve physical health and reduce dangerous preexisting conditions. Patients must range between the ages of 18 and 60, although exceptions will be determined by the doctor. Persons who have had an obesity problem for 5 years or more, have not responded to clinical weight-loss treatment for six months or longer and are psychologically willing to abide by and follow the dietary program are all likely candidates. People who do not have debilitating diseases or conditions that would pose a risk during or after surgery will positively respond to a Lap-Band® procedure. CT virtual colonography (sometimes abbreviated to CT colonography) is a straightforward medical imaging test which is used by doctors to see inside the colon and rectum. The imaging technique has numerous advantages over the other medical tests previously used for this purpose. Gastrointestinal problems can be diagnosed without the discomfort associated with invasive colonoscopies and barium meals.

Doctors still use these tests in certain situations; however CT virtual colonography is becoming an increasingly common choice as the cost has reduced and the safety of the procedure greatly increased.

CT virtual colonography is most commonly used to screen patients for the early signs of bowel cancer and to check for the growth of polyps, although it can also be useful for diagnosing - or discounting - other diseases of the colon and rectum. In contrast to other medical tests available, CT virtual colonography allows medical conditions outside of the digestive tract to be diagnosed.

Although this imaging test is powerful and it allows doctors to quickly screen for bowel cancer, the procedure is not without its risks. Computed Tomography involves subjecting the patient to a small but significant dose of ionizing radiation. The exposure is greater than that required for standard x-rays, although it is deemed to be a worthwhile risk due since it is possible to produce both 2 and 3-dimensional images of the lower gastrointestinal tract which have much greater usefulness in the diagnosis of health problems.

Advances in technology have made the latest scanners faster and more efficient, and the latest models require much lower doses of radiation to be used to produce images of the same clarity. There is still a risk to the health which is considered to be too high for the technique to be used for general cancer screening tests, even though modern scanners only expose patients to a dose of radiation equivalent to that which would be naturally experienced over a 3 year period. Doctors usually only recommend this test when a patient is experiencing symptoms of cancer or gastrointestinal disease.

For a patient the procedure is far less uncomfortable than conventional bowel screening tests. Standard x-rays require the rectum to be filled with a radio-opaque material such as barium sulphate in order to create contrast. This can be uncomfortable for the patient while the test is being conducted.

A conventional colon examination involves the insertion of a telescopic fibre-optic camera into the rectum through the anus, which some patients find unpleasant. Flexible sigmoidoscopy uses a shorter camera to look at the rectum and lower bowel, with a rigid sigmoidoscopy sometimes used to look only at the rectum. The rigid sigmoidoscope is shorter and straight and allows doctors to look at the most common location where bowel cancer develops.

With CT, a colonography can be performed by simply inflating the rectum with air for the duration of the test, which is far less uncomfortable for the patient. Side effects are usually limited to mild discomfort and a feeling of distension when the rectum is filled with air or gas. This feeling soon passes after the test has been conducted and the air has been expelled. The test usually takes no longer than 20 minutes to complete and since no painkillers or injections are required, patients can resume all usual activities immediately after the test. The introduction of affordable and convenient medical imaging services together with government and charity-led initiatives to raise awareness of the risks of cancer have helped to ensure that more people than ever are now having regular imaging tests performed.

Advances in technology have seen medical imaging equipment become smaller, safer and cheaper to operate in recent years, and images can be produces of excellent clarity using a fraction of the doses of radiation than has previously been possible. This allows patients to have regular mammograms performed with minimal risk to the health.

Modern scanners are cost effective to use in private radiology clinics. Many companies have been set up in urban areas outside major cities, ensuring a greater percentage of the population has access to the best radiology equipment. Improved access to quality medical facilities makes screening as quick and convenient as possible.

It is important that while the services are offered, that the message is spread on the importance of having regular screening checks and how early detection of cancer can greatly improve the survival rates from this devastating disease. As cancer is allowed to progress, it becomes harder to treat. Catching cancer in the early stages of development is therefore essential in order to maximise the probability of treatment being successful and of a patient making a full recovery. Recent high profile celebrity cases of breast cancer have also helped to raise awareness of the disease and have encouraged younger women to start a programme of regular screening tests for breast cancer.

Medical experts universally agree that it is essential that men and women focus on their own health, not only on a day to day basis by adopting a healthier diet and taking regular exercise, but by undergoing regular cancer screening checks.

Booking regular medical imaging tests and examinations can help to ensure that should cancer strike; the appropriate treatment can be administered promptly while it is most effective. Survival rates from breast cancer can be greatly increased by having annual mammograms or ultrasound imaging tests performed.

According to cancer statistics on mortality of cancer released by the government, there has been a pronounced decline in deaths from cancer over the past decade. However, it reports that cancer is still the second most common cause of death. The statistics show that the incidence of cancer is also on the increase. This can be partly explained by improvements in cancer screening programs and the wider availability of medical imaging equipment at hospitals and radiology clinics.

Regular screening tests have helped to reduce the mortality from breast cancer substantially. The mortality rate has declined by over 30% over the past 20 years, with the age normalized survival rate increasing to 89.4 per cent in Australia. The statistics paint a worrying picture about the increase in prevalence of the disease, with predictions that by 2020 there will be 17,210 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed. Fortunately with medical screening test facilities now so widely available, it is hoped that new cases can be diagnosed and treated quickly.

Medical imaging tests can be arranged through a doctor or with a private radiology clinic. Some test centres are now offering bulk billed radiology services to make payment for diagnostic screening tests such as ultrasound imaging and mammograms. Bulk billed radiology services reduce the need for out of pocket expenses to be covered by patients. Be sure to discuss this option with your chosen radiology centre to find out how this service can benefit you. In our hand are 5 bones which connect the wrist to the thumbs and fingers. These are the metacarpal bones and they are located between the phalanges and carpus bones. When one of these bones breaks, it is classified as a hand fracture and a splint or cast is often required to be worn whilst the bones heal on their own. For serious cases, surgery may be required to surgically reconnect and mend them using cement. In this article, we will be looking at the causes of fracture as well as the aftercare instructions for them.

Although our bones have good compressive strength, it has poor tensile strength. When sufficient force is applied, the bone can fracture and when this occurs, it is accompanied by pain, swelling and the inability to utilise it. A cast or splint will usually be placed in order to immobilise the hand as well as to prevent any unwanted stresses while it heals. In order to make the pain more bearable, your doctor will prescribe pain relief medication to be taken orally. Since this medication requires some time before it works, you should take it before the previous one wears off in order to prevent feeling any unwanted pain. In cases where inflammation is present, antibiotics will need to be consumed in order to treat the infection caused by bacteria. Always make sure that medication is taken on time to prevent any gaps in the recovery process.

When you are at home, you can apply an ice pack to the fractured portion of your hand. Icing helps to decrease inflammation and the pain associated with it. It also constricts the blood vessels and help to speed up the delivery of essential nutrients required for healing. It also reduces tissue damages to the sensitive parts. However, always remember to remove your cast or splint prior to the application of ice as the cast and splint cannot get wet. In order to regain finger movement in the shortest time, you should try to work out your fingers. A hand grip is great for building up hand strength and muscle and you can use it anywhere.

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