Thursday, 6 June 2019

Treating Infertility For Eliminating Genetic Diagnosis

Most of the time, we are so used to our brain functioning smoothly and automatically that we don't take a lot of time to think about what is going on underneath. Walking, eating, discussing a book, all of these things seem very natural and easy, but in truth, each and every one is done through a series of functions that the brain performs. In order to really understand the abilities of the brain, as well as the limitations, you can try brain teasers and games but it is also important to look at some of the things you probably didn't know about:

1 -- Working Memory

Think about math class for a moment. Whether you love math, or hate it, you definitely will be familiar with working out a problem in your head. When your brain holds multiple units of information and manipulates them to actually solve that problem in your head, you are using a mental capacity known as working memory. In other words, working memory is a way to not only remember something you already knew, like the formula to solve the math problem, but to interpret and apply information "real time" to solve the problem by using that formula, so it is a critical ingredient for learning and for decision-making.

2 -- Regulate Emotions

If you are like many of us, at some point or another, you need to work as a team. However, at times, you might find that a member of your team is doing something that you don't agree with and it makes you angry. Are you going to release the full wrath of this anger onto this person? No, hopefully you won't thanks to the brain function known as emotional self regulation, as long as you have exercised this "mental muscle" enough and it's ready for you to flex.

3 -- Interpret Sensory Information

When you smell a sweet, smoky, buttery scent, do you recognize it as chocolate? Could you recognize that you are petting a cat versus a dog? In both cases, yes, you will and this is because your brain is able to interpret sensory information.

4 -- Theory of Mind

How would you feel if your friend suddenly announced their promotion at work? You would probably be extremely happy and be able to imagine exactly what they were thinking. This is due to the brain function known as theory of mind meaning you have insight into other people's worlds.

5 -- Sequencing

Perhaps you have a project you need to complete for work. Before you start, you will need to figure out what step to take first, then the rest of the steps in sequence. The ability of your brain to do this, and put steps in order from most to least important is known as sequencing.

6- Inhibition

Are you on a diet? How do you keep yourself from eating a chocolate bar? Actually, your brain does it for you with a function known as inhibition.

7 -- Attention

Imagine being on the beach. There are people around you, children playing and laughing, the waves beating against the shore. Yet, you are still able to block all of that out and focus your attention on the book you are reading. This is using another brain function known as attention. This is the ability to focus on a certain thought, action or deeds.

8 -- Working Memory vs. Long Term Memory

When you can recall a phone number that you have just been given and remember what you were doing three summers ago, you might think you are simply using your memory, but in truth, you are using two different types of memory. Remembering the new phone number uses working memory, which is limited storage that you will soon forget and remembering your summer from years ago is using long term memory, which is practically unlimited.

9 -- Motor Function

When you walk down the street, type on a computer or shake a hand, you are using the motor function of your brain. This is the ability for us to move our bodies and manipulate objects.

10 -- Visual and Spatial Processing

Last but not least. When you see a large M in the corner of a major city, you recognize that as the sign for a metro stop, right? This is because your brain is using its visual abilities.

As you can see, we need much more than "memory" or "intelligence" in order to enjoy our lives, so it is important to learn how to enhance and maintain a variety of brain functions, not just one.

The brain is working constantly -even though we don't realize it all the time- and you are now aware that there are many important functions that occur that you probably didn't know about. What you do with this knowledge now is up to you.
With around one in six couples affected with infertility today, there is a great demand for fertility treatments. Fortunately great advances have been made in this area of medicine over the years that have helped many couples have the family that they have always wanted.

There are many treatment options available to suit a lot of different infertility causes and one of the most well known treatment is IVF which involves the fertilization of an egg outside the womb. Preimplantation of genetic diagnosis allows for the detection of chromosomal or genetic abnormalities in embryos before they are transferred to the womb. It is a process that is used when there is a risk of a patient passing on a chromosomal or genetic abnormality to their children.

In order for a clinic to proceed with screening a particular condition, there must be an agreement with the HFEA (Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority). A list of approved conditions must be agreed and the list can be found on the National Center for Biotechnology website.

The PGD process involves the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Once eggs are obtained and fertilized, the embryos are left to develop for three days before cell are removed from each embryo and then tested for the genetic abnormality or conditions. One or two embryos that show a clear report post the testing are then transferred to the womb.

There are two main risks with the procedure. One is that the embryo might be damaged during the extraction of the cells and the other is that the tests may not always be 100% reliable and in some cases, conclusive. In some cases the embryo can be left to develop for around six days, allowing for the removal of more cells, which will mean that the results are more reliable. This procedure is known as a trophectoderm biopsy. At this stage of development, there are two types of cell present - the inner cell mass that form the foetus and the cells that will form the placenta (trophectoderm). This procedure also carries a lower risk with regards to damage to the embryo.

The success of PGD is difficult to measure as some patients require it solely as a screening process and may not have any fertility issues. As with fertility treatments, there are certain factors that can affect the success of the procedure such as age or the presence of physical abnormalities in the reproductive system. In some cases there has also been the chance that none of the embryos that are tested are suitable to be transferred to the womb for and this can be down to several reasons includingWith around one in six couples affected with infertility today, there is a great demand for fertility treatments. Fortunately great advances have been made in this area of medicine over the years that have helped many couples have the family that they have always wanted.

There are many treatment options available to suit a lot of different infertility causes and one of the most well known treatment is IVF which involves the fertilization of an egg outside the womb. Preimplantation of genetic diagnosis allows for the detection of chromosomal or genetic abnormalities in embryos before they are transferred to the womb. It is a process that is used when there is a risk of a patient passing on a chromosomal or genetic abnormality to their children.

In order for a clinic to proceed with screening a particular condition, there must be an agreement with the HFEA (Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority). A list of approved conditions must be agreed and the list can be found on the National Center for Biotechnology website.

The PGD process involves the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Once eggs are obtained and fertilized, the embryos are left to develop for three days before cell are removed from each embryo and then tested for the genetic abnormality or conditions. One or two embryos that show a clear report post the testing are then transferred to the womb.

There are two main risks with the procedure. One is that the embryo might be damaged during the extraction of the cells and the other is that the tests may not always be 100% reliable and in some cases, conclusive. In some cases the embryo can be left to develop for around six days, allowing for the removal of more cells, which will mean that the results are more reliable. This procedure is known as a trophectoderm biopsy. At this stage of development, there are two types of cell present - the inner cell mass that form the foetus and the cells that will form the placenta (trophectoderm). This procedure also carries a lower risk with regards to damage to the embryo.

The success of PGD is difficult to measure as some patients require it solely as a screening process and may not have any fertility issues. As with fertility treatments, there are certain factors that can affect the success of the procedure such as age or the presence of physical abnormalities in the reproductive system. In some cases there has also been the chance that none of the embryos that are tested are suitable to be transferred to the womb for and this can be down to several reasons including

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