Monday, 20 May 2019

Learn Safety On The Road With Driving Schools

In human evolution, the earliest means of transport were walking, running and swimming. Before the Industrial Revolution and modernization, water transport was the most efficient method of transporting large quantities of goods over long distances though it was very slow and expensive. The importance of water transport led to the growth of cities along rivers and sea-shores where boats, canoes and ships could dock.

The domestication of animals and the invention of the sled gave way to early animal transport services. Horses and oxen were used from as early as 3000 BC to transport goods and humans and traveled over dirt tracks. Later civilizations such as the Mesopotamian and the Indus Valley built paved roads for easier transport.

The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century turned transportation on its head. It was the age of many inventions that fundamentally changed the concept of transport. Communication, telegraphy, the steam engine and the steam ship sped global transport in all directions. Land transport became possible over large distances without the application of animal or human muscles. The Wright brothers' successful experiments with aircraft paved the way for airplanes and air transport became a faster way to transport goods and people in shorter time-frames to further destinations.

Modes of transport

A 'mode of transport' is a method or solution that uses a particular type of infrastructure, operation and vehicle to transport people and cargo. A mode can be used by itself or in conjunction with several other modes; in this case it is referred to 'intermodal' or 'multimodal' transport. Each is distinct from the other and is used based on choice of factors like cost of transport, route taken, capability and so on.

1. Human-powered - this is the most common in developing and under-developed countries because of several factors like savings on cost, accessibility of location, physical exercise and environmental reasons. Human-powered transport is a sustainable form of transport and has recently been enhanced by the use of machinery and modern technology - e.g. cycling, skating, rowing, skiing which are extremely useful in difficult environments.

2. Animal-powered - whether ridden by humans or used as pack animals for movement of people and commodities, animals can work alone or in teams - e.g. mules, horse-carts, dog-sleds etc.

3. Air - airplanes and aircraft have reduced travel times considerably and is the fastest mode of passenger and goods transport. High costs and high energy use are the downsides of air transport; however, it is estimated that over 500,000 people travel in aero-planes at any given time.

4. Rail - Railroads and rail tracks run the length and breadth of every country in the world ferrying people and goods from place to place. Although they involve the use of large amounts of surface land, rail networks provide easy connectivity options within cities, within countries and between different countries as a mode of public transport- e.g. New York City Subway, London Metro, Eurotunnel or the Chunnel between England and France and the Euro Rail.

5. Road - road networks pass through cities, towns and villages and provide better connectivity options in addition to city rail networks and are ideal for public transport also. Road transport is entirely different from other modes as it allows a vehicle user to have complete freedom over speed, direction, timings of travel and change of location that other transport methods cannot provide. They require large surface areas, use high energy and are quite expensive.

6. Water - water transport includes barges, boats, sailboats and ships through canals, rivers and seas. The earliest boats and ships were routed through inland canals for transporting people and spices. Today large passenger and cargo ships provide an organized and efficient transportation method. Although the time involved is long, water transportation is significantly less expensive than air or road.

Other less used modes include cable and pipeline transports which are specifically purpose oriented - e.g. liquids and gases, water, sewage etc. for pipeline transport and conveyor belts, aerial tramways, cable cars etc. for cable transport. f you are building a career in massage therapy today, it is very much recommended that you advance by enrolling in the best massage courses offered in your area. These courses, especially if taken under a school that is recognised and known worldwide, will be sure to provide you with the skills and qualifications you need to excel in the current highly competitive job market.

Enroling in a massage course provides students with a lot of advantages. First, you will get recognition in the global job market. A diploma from a prestigious school is recognised in more than 35 countries worldwide. You will also get access to multiple industries. An ordinary massage course often allows you to work at beauty spas and health centres. But possessing a diploma allows you to seek employment in a wider range of sectors and more lucrative professional environments, from five-star hotels and resorts, luxury cruise liners, exclusive sports clubs, private clients, celebrities and more.

Additionally, you will get formal qualifications. These high level reflexology courses are backed up by a proven framework that provides the student with a clear and organised system of attaining credits and qualifications that will be helpful in advancing a career and further education. You will then have a lot of career opportunities. Due to the recognition and proven quality education provided by this framework as well as the organisation's established links with leading employers in the world, graduates often command higher salaries and more lucrative employment opportunities than graduates of ordinary massage and reflexology courses.

The framework of this level course likewise supports students who are interested not in seeking employment but in building a business of their own. The courses beyond education about the subject matter - they also equip students with knowledge of the industry, the global market and analytic and decision-making skills related to their field, which are all useful should the student choose to pursue an entrepreneurial path. To truly maximise the benefits, it pays to enrol in a school that boasts of having educators with an outstanding reputation and knowledge of the framework.

A smart investment is to choose a natural therapy school that has tutors with years of qualifications up their sleeve. Guidance and mentorship from an experienced teacher allow you to also hone your skills under her specialisations such as in reflexology, neuroskeletal realignment, massage, aromatherapy and Indian head massage, arming you with the tools and attitude you need to advance your career in massage therapy. Vehicle driving may not be easy but it can be learned. For this reason, an aspiring driver must take a certain course and accomplish an amount of supervised driving hours from certified driving schools. A license can only be provided if the person will apply for it and indicated the type of vehicle that will be given license for. It is compulsory to get hold of a learner's license so that one can drive a car, heavy equipment or a different type of vehicle. Understandably, it makes sense that the license would be for a particular vehicle since you cannot practice on many vehicles at a given period. If you want to drive a bigger vehicle, then you have to train for this vehicle under a certified driving instructor as well.

Those who have reached 16 years of age may be able to apply for a license and be taught about the rules of road safety. One aspiring for the learner license should have obtained a provisional, a probationary or an open car license. This should happen not more than 12 months prior to applying for the learner's.

The person who supervises the driving training must carry an open and current license. Those who desire to instruct students and individuals who have an expired or a suspended licence may not teach how to drive. Furthermore, there is also a written examination which should be passed. It is not to be forgotten that anyone who wants to have legal driving credentials should also have good physical condition. No one who is sick should be driving because this can pose a hazard to other motorists who are travelling on the highways.

Novice drivers are imposed with several restrictions and these should be complied with. The restrictions would help these people to form the skills essential for safety driving.

Thus, the requirement of going to driving schools gives people the drive to look for schools that have a track record in instructing hopeful drivers with the exact skills for driving. To be bestowed a license means that an individual will be able to pass the driving test.

A novice driver should obtain experience in driving and has a license of not less than two years. It can also be an accumulated period that will result to 2 years if added together. These people are classified as follows: an individual with first time learner's permit, a provisional driver's license, one who is a driver from overseas but haven't gotten a driver's license for not less than 24 months. In addition, the person with extraordinary driver's license can also apply for a novice driver status. Novices are those carrying a learner's permit and have been granted their driver's licence. Since nobody is a perfect driver, following the first year of being a novice, they are given 3 demerit points that will save them in case they will commit violations.
Glass pieces with "lynn moulding" or "lynn rings" take their name from the town of Kings Lynn where - so the received wisdom would have us believe - they were manufactured. It's a colloquial term, much used throughout the glass-collecting community for a fairly generic and simple form of Georgian glassware, all examples of which bear such common horizontal banding.

A basic and easily-applied form of decoration, these bands - to come under this nominal Lynn remit - do not have to conform to any particular configuration in either width, number or spacing which should - quite rightly - cast some aspersions as to the veracity of the name for a specifically manufactured "brand" of glassware. If was to be any sort of respected trade name in it's own right, you might reasonably assume that those who produced the goods would make some semblance of effort to distinguish it from other similar pieces, or at least to have manufactured their wares to some sort of recognisable standard - neither of these simple options seem to have been adopted.

It is not surprising to learn, therefore, that there is little or no provenance behind the general assumption that "Lynn Glass" was made only in or around Kings Lynn (formerly Lynne Regis or just Lynne) in Norfolk, East Anglia. There is simply no historical record of a glass making industry in the area that had the capacity to turn out a sufficient number of pieces to warrant its own abiding toponym. However, there is documentation to establish the use of the name in a broader context, as we shall see.

Lynne's glassmaking commerce was restricted to just one or two production facilities operating from the very late 17th century under the auspices of Messrs Jackson and Straw, following on from Isaac Harrison's earlier bottle glass house. There are several depositions on record from these gentlemen to their local MP's appealing for a reduction in glass tax, as the consequent price rises of their products restricted sales and threatened the viability of the operation, which provided a significant source of employment for the townsfolk. These remonstrations fell on deaf ears, and the trade remained hampered by the imposition of the taxation for its entire duration, something which also mitigated against the broader expansion of the glassmaking business in the area.

The reason for the initial establishment of the albeit small trade in the area brings us to the origins of the name in its current usage. Industry has always sought to locate itself favourably, and in this instance it was the presence of extremely high quality glass-making sand that prompted the choice. Easily found and readily accessible just to the east of Lynne, near Dersingham, the sand was noted as being one of the town's most significant exports - most significantly in the quite splendidly entitled Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge; Vol 13-14 (1838) which includes a lengthy piece about every aspect of Lynne, it's topography, industries and so on, making specific reference to the export of fine sand - but with no mention at all of a locally based glass manufacturing trade, something which almost certainly would have been documented had it actually existed!

The high quality of Lynn sand is often commented upon in writings of the time, with records made of it being exported far and wide to Newcastle, Leith (Edinburgh) and even to France where it was evidently as highly prized as it was on home soil. Here it was used to make what was generally considered to be glass of a markedly higher quality than that which resulted from the use of "sub-standard" sands. In conclusion, then, we are left with little sensible option other than to fully concur with Nathaniel Whittock, writing The Decorative Painters' and Glaziers' Guide (I T Hinton 1828) who asserts, fairly unequivocally, that:

"The sand most fit for making white, transparent glass is that brought from Lynn in Norfolk, by the name of which place it is distinguished."

And there you have it - contemporary affirmation that Lynn glass was a term applied to any wares manufactured using the sand from the area, entirely without regard to where the pieces themselves may have actually been produced. The commonality of the banded decorations is clearly based on little more than its application being a popular and straightforward way in which to augment the high quality Lynn-sand glassware, which might have been a far more appropriate name for the pieces, and avoided the later misconception as to its source.

The distinction of the similarly-decorated pieces does provide a useful category in to which they can easily be placed in the absence of any other distinguishing feature - place of origin, manufacturer, manufacturing process, finish or any of the other usual identifiers, and Lynn Glass remains a popular and affordable range for collectors to pursue - perhaps more so now that the "restriction" of verifiable Norfolkian affiliation can be discounted...

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